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Monday, March 18, 2019

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Monday Breakfast

Continental Breakfast

   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Ballroom Foyer

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Welcome

Louis Fox

   Future network and wireless technologies
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG

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CENIC May Have a Real-time Ring-side Seat on Submarine Eruptions Via Next Generation Ocean Science InnovatIons

John Delaney

Volcanism and hydrothermal circulation along the Global Mid-Ocean Ridge (MOR) System are the major mechanisms by which earth’s mantle has interacted with the ocean throughout more than 3.8 billion years of geologic history. Hundreds of hydrothermal systems have been identified and studied in all the ocean basins. But eruptive submarine volcanoes are often far from land and are often overlain by ~1.0-4.0 km of seawater. MOR eruptions are rarely detected, and because eruption plumes reach neutral buoyancy well below the sea surface, their impacts on the overlying marine ecosystems are largely unexplored.
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Axial Seamount is an active MOR volcano on the JdF Ridge. It has erupted 3 times in 2 decades and may erupt again soon (Chadwick, et al., 2018, Wilcock et al., 2018). Axial is instrumented with arrays of sensors linked directly to the Internet by subsea electro-optical cables. This network provides interactive connectivity and electrical power to tens of seafloor/water-column sensor packages located on the volcano and near Axial Volcano.

Ship-based expeditions to assess submarine eruptions are rarely effective. Innate mobilization delays ensure that the eruption is well-advanced, or over, before investigators arrive on site with a surface ship and a Remotely Operated Vehicle. Within weeks, rapid and massive release of exotic sub-seabed microbial organisms, extensive chemical, particulate, and thermal fluxes are commonly injected into the overlying ocean, but these processes are largely undocumented. Utilizing electro-optical power and unprecedented data transfer capacity on Axial Seamount to support an in-situ Resident- Autonomous Undersea Vehicle, operable remotely from shore, and reprogrammable on-the-fly, would allow a response in realtime to the onset and the complete evolution of an eruption. In concert with supporting arrays of sensors on the seafloor and in the water column, the opportunity to interactively define the evolution of an erupting MOR volcano is within our grasp technologically, by employing a well-configured and highly adaptable Resident-AUV system. The R-AUV would operate over an area twice the size of the caldera and would conduct detailed real-time mapping and sampling of the rapidly evolving water-column expressions of the eruptive plumes and their adjacent, ecosystems displaced by the rapid injection of eruptive input.

Similar interactive, real-time capabilities will soon allow design and crucial testing of a host of similar key experiments designed for exploration of analogous deep-sea volcano-hydrothermal systems that almost certainly underly oceans on other planetary bodies in our solar system.

International   Innovative applications
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG
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Research & Education Networks at a Crossroads

Howard Pfeffer, Tripti Sinha, Jennifer Leasure, Inder Monga

The legacy approach of research and education networks – that is, what got us here – may not be financially sustainable. The total cost of ownership of legacy hardware and software is not declining in price fast enough to meet our expected growth. Owned infrastructure requires space and power whose costs will continue to increase, likely in larger increments than to date given consolidation in the telecommunications industry.
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Security, in particular, resiliency, and reliability (for some of the world’s most complex and diverse networks), are tremendous burdens to sustain organizationally, operationally, and economically. At the same time, the R&E community still can’t get, or afford to buy, what we need from telecommunication companies. We remain in a “pre-commercial” space to support leading-edge research and the diverse needs of the largest R&E communities in the world. That’s not likely to change. And the demands on our networks are at an all-time high. We are victims of our own success. Other R&E networks are facing the same challenges — and we are all working together. The commercial clouds and dot-coms are confronting many of the same problems. We are learning with and from them. The panelists, representing some of the most significant R&E networks in the United States, will discuss what each part of the R&E ecosystem should be doing — separately and collectively — from each of their vantage points.

National   Statewide, national, and global collaborations
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG
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Morning Break

   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG

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Leveraging Robotic Process Automation (RPA) to Improve Student Engagement

Berhanu Tadesse, Amir Dabirian

The Division of Information Technology at CSU Fullerton is using emerging technologies to improve student engagement and retention. Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is the implementation of software automation to streamline enterprise operations and reduce costs. CSUF developed a mobile application called iTuffy that enables students to interact with a chatbot — asking questions and getting immediate responses just as if they were taking with a person.
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iTuffy can answer general questions such as “Where is the Financial Aid Office?” or “When does Starbucks close?” Recent additions include the advising office’s most frequently asked questions, Financial Aid, maps, and student-specific questions such as Academic Level, CWID, and GPA.

iTuffy is now available on the iFullerton Mobile App and the Campus Website. To make iTuffy even more accessible to students, a new Amazon Alexa Skill has been developed so that we can deploy Amazon Echo Dot devices to common areas on campus such as dorms, libraries, advising center, and the student union. The ability to extend iTuffy to consumer devices allows us to reach more of our students with on-demand information 24/7 on mobile, web, and now consumer devices. By funneling common questions to iTuffy, CSU Fullerton’s small counseling staff can focus instead on assisting students on complex matters.

California Community College   Innovative applications
Pacifica A
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DDoS Mitigation Support, Use, and Lessons Learned

Sana Bellamine, Philip Romero, Michael Gong, Luis Wong

For the last year, the K-12 High Speed Network and CENIC have conducted a pilot program to use and support distributed denial of service (DDoS) protection services. DDoS is a security threat whereby a malicious user attempts to shut down a website or a server using a bot.
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In the first year statewide testing went live for all California school districts, some students tried to interrupt the state testing program using malware. This was part of what motivated this pilot program. Panelists will speak from a consumer and operational support perspective about the benefits, lessons learned, and things to watch out for when selecting or implementing DDoS protection services.

California K-12   Cybersecurity
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG
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National Digital Initiatives and Infrastructure: IMLS and Broadband Access

Sharon Strover, Don Means, Carson Block, Colin Rhinesmith, James Neal

The Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) in Washington, DC, is interested in grant proposals that will have a significant national impact on the capacity of libraries and archives to provide access to digital content, collections, and services to a wide range of users. Work in this category may include exploring, piloting, enhancing, or scaling open-source digital library infrastructures, efforts to engage communities with digital library content and collections, and other activities related to shared tools and services including digital inclusion and broadband access. The panelists for this session are all recent grant recipients from IMLS with projects that address innovative uses of broadband in libraries.
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Example projects will be described, including:

A "Broadband Toolkit" and customized "Broadband Action Plan" to help librarians learn about their broadband infrastructure and internal information technology (IT) environment.

The development of and provision of SecondNet Kits, wide area wireless networks using public spectrum Wi-Fi and TV Whitespace (TVWS) units, each with back-up power and portability, creating a redundant communications capability that strengthens community resilience in times of disaster.

An examination of how rural libraries address the challenges of Internet connectivity with hotspot lending programs.

An examination of how advanced broadband measurement capabilities can support the infrastructure and services needed to respond to the digital demands of public library users across the United States.

Cultural Organization   Innovative applications
Pacifica B
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Monday Lunch

Buffet Lunch

   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Foyer

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Invisible Infrastructure: Connecting Rural and Unserved Areas via Spectrum

Melissa Slawson, Louis Fox, Rachelle Chong, Luis Wong

Millions of Americans still lack access to high-speed broadband service, especially in rural areas. According to data collected by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), as of the end of 2016, more than 500,000 households were without access to internet service of at least 6 Mbps download and 1 Mbps upload, the minimum threshold for high-speed service in California. This is due largely to the costs associated with building fiber networks to these unserved areas. Wireless services may provide cost-effective solutions and bring much-needed high-speed access to these communities and the anchor institutions that serve them. This panel will explore the role of spectrum-based wireless technologies (i.e. fixed wireless) in closing the digital divide; the benefits to various industry segments and success stories using this technology; and what spectrum policy changes are needed to promote this kind of connectivity at both the federal and state levels.
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Corporate   Equitable access
Learning Theater
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California Emerging Technology Fund: School2Home and Neighborhood Transformation

James Middleton, Larry Best, Bob Cabeza, Agustin Urgiles, Lauren Vargas

This session profiles two programs created by the California Emerging Technology Fund to help close the digital divide: School2 Home and Neighborhood Transformation.
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School2Home is an innovative cost-effective program that is tackling two of California’s most critical and related challenges: closing both the Achievement Gap and the Digital Divide by integrating computing and broadband technologies into teaching and learning in low-performing middle schools and providing a unique focus on parent engagement. School2Home provides the essential framework anchored in best practices, to improve student achievement at low-performing middle schools and provide the requisite platform to help students master competencies under the Common Core Standards. School2Home roots the culture of using technology, engages parents, and drives education improvement.

Neighborhood Transformation tackles the “wall of poverty” by engaging counties and cities to align their existing resources and deliver human services through multi-disciplined Integrated Services Teams organized around school attendance areas. The Integrated Services Teams must focus on and be accountable for moving families and their children out of poverty and into self-sufficiency — with measurable outcomes for a better future. Getting a good education, including the ability to use technology and acquire digital skills, is fundamental to escaping poverty and becoming self-sufficient. Thus, School2Home also is the centerpiece of a strategy referred to as Neighborhood Transformation, which fully embraces and incorporates digital inclusion. CETF is pursuing Neighborhood Transformation to complement and augment School2Home with a group of visionary local elected officials and pacesetter counties and cities.

Government   Equitable access
Pacifica A
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Security Without Moats and Walls: Zero-Trust Networking for Enhancing Security in R&E Environments

Sean Peisert, David Rusting, David Thurston, Barclay Osborn, Brooks Evans, Michael Liang

"Zero-trust networking" is a method for enhancing the security of systems regardless of which network they are on. Given the relatively openness and lack of control of rigorous control in many networks in research and education environments, zero-trust networking is an approach that can benefit many such environments. This panel consists of experts from private industry who have developed technical solutions for zero-trust networks in their own environments, and experts from the R&E space in CENIC's community who face computer security issues every day. This panel will focus on the security problems faced by R&E environments and how zero-trust networking represents a solution that can be adapted to address those problems.
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National   Cybersecurity
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG
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A Day in the Life of Hyperconnected K-12 Students

Enoch Kwok, Keenan Kibrick

Students in the Oak Park Unified School District are consistently connected to the world through devices in the classroom to enhance their learning. Many classrooms are hyperconnected, where students interact in multiple ways on multiple devices to enhance their learning. This presentation will showcase all of the ways students can communicate, connect, and collaborate in a hyperconnected classroom to provide an engaging and successful educational experience.
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When students are learning about geography and science, they use Google Earth in conjunction with virtual reality goggles to tour far-flung geographic locations and visualize scientific phenomena. When they learn about history, students are creating 3D-printed versions of historical artifacts. In math classes, students create problems and then work with a partner to post their solutions to the class website using mobile devices. Students in English class use collaboration software to share their work with other students and teachers to gain feedback and improve their writing. They then publish their writing with presentation software such as Google Slides, Green Screen iPad recordings, or Adobe Spark.

California K-12   Innovative applications
Pacifica B
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CSIRP: An Integrated Approach to Instructional Research Support

Peter Deutsch

Cal Poly Pomona's Cyber Security Instructional Research Project (CSIRP) was established to address a critical campus need for improved IT infrastructure services targeting the critical area of instruction and research. Working with researchers from across campus, the Division of IT identified key resources and services that would allow faculty to extend cross-disciplinary learning and research opportunities to students, grow and extend collaborative engagements with colleagues and the local community, and develop new funding opportunities.
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Key service offerings at launch included a dedicated space for funded research projects, upgrades to the current campus network infrastructure to provide the first links in a new dedicated campus Cyber backbone, and improved integration with the campus High Performance Computing Cluster, which has allowed faculty to offer NSF grant-funded training opportunities to undergraduates in this critical field. First tenants for the new research space include a new industry-funded Student-run Security Operation Center (SOC) and Malware Analysis Lab, as well as a lab dedicated to Adversarial AI and Automated Cyber-related Image Processing tools.

This presentation will give an overview of the key partnerships and collaborations needed to bring this concept to reality, and review some of the initial successful outcomes. We will also review the services under development, which include additional extensions to the new campus Cyber backbone network, a dedicated Cyber Security Training Lab, and a new dedicated Cyber Competition Platform that will allow the campus to extend its successful participation in annual cybersecurity competitions to provide year-long community outreach and training opportunities.

California University   Cybersecurity
Pacifica B
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Science Engagement: What’s Working for the Engagement and Performance Operations Center

Jennifer Schopf, Jason Zurawski

In 2018, the National Science Foundation funded the Engagement and Performance Operations Center (EPOC), a joint project between Indiana University and Energy Sciences Network, to work with domain scientists across the US to accelerate the adoption and experience in using high-speed networks. The project now has operational a process workflow for immediate help, referred to as “Roadside Assistance."
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Roadside Assistance helps collaborators when data sharing failures occur, as well as more in-depth investigations, referred to as “Deep Dives,” to understand the full science pipeline for research teams and suggest alternative approaches for the scientists, local IT support, and national networking partners.

This presentation will give a detailed look at how this work is performed, giving examples from real application use cases, and will detail how CENIC scientists and the network engineers who support them can take part in this service.

National   Statewide, national, and global collaborations
Pacifica A
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Connecting California's Last Hard-to-Reach Schools

Geoff Belleau, Jerry Winkler, Alison Dias

The state of California has invested $77 million of state funds as well as federal E-Rate and state Teleconnect funds to connect some of California's last, hard-to-reach schools. Learn more about the process and lessons learned, and explore the interactive map of the projects.
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California K-12   Equitable access
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG
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Afternoon Break

   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Foyer

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Connecting the Open Storage Network

Brian Balderston

This panel will discuss building the Open Storage Network, including connecting nationwide systems at 100 Gbps. These systems are designed to be low-cost, high-throughput, large-capacity, and capable of matching the speed of a 100-gigabit network connection with only a small number of nodes. The panel will also discuss practical challenges and solutions related to going 100 Gbps in production.
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This project has just commenced, and by March 2019 we plan to have storage nodes at six campuses participating in the Open Storage Network at speeds of 100 gigabits. Sites include the Massachusetts Green High-Performance Computing Center; the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign; the San Diego Supercomputer Center at the University of California San Diego; Northwestern, and the University of North Carolina. The Open Storage Network is an NSF-funded project: https://www.nsf.gov/news/news_

National   Statewide, national, and global collaborations
Learning Theatre
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FIONA Workshops Series: Results & Next Steps

John Hess, Hervey Allen

This session will explore the impacts of the Pacific Research Platform FIONA Workshop Series for the larger research & education community. The goals of the workshop series are as follows: • Participants will gain a better understanding of scientific workflows to enable cyberInfrastructure engineers to engage more effectively with researchers. • Participants will understand how to plan and implement end-to-end data movement measurement, analysis, and visualization tools. • Participants will have broader access to data movement, container, and other cyberInfrastructure technologies.

California University   Pacific Research Platform
Pacifica A

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Connect America Fund: Making Federal Dollars Work for California

Skyler Ditchfield

The Connect America Fund Phase II Auction (CAF II) was created by the Federal Communications Commission to distribute federal grant dollars to enable broadband infrastructure buildout to rural areas of the country that lack basic broadband services. In August 2018, GeoLinks was awarded approx. $88 Million to deploy high-speed broadband network facilities to eligible areas in California and Nevada (to be distributed over 10 years). In this discussion, GeoLinks’ CEO, Skyler Ditchfield, will discuss the CAF II application process, awarded areas, and opportunities for creating synergies between CAF II and other broadband grant programs. He will also discuss possible pain points and policy changes needed to streamline deployment and ensure CAF II funding is used as efficiently as possible to connect unserved Americans.
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Corporate   Statewide, national, and global collaborations
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG
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BorderLink: Closing the Homework Gap Using LTE Wireless Technologies

Luis Wong

Recognizing the need to bridge the "homework gap" to enable students to reach their full academic potential, the Imperial County Office of Education has launched a pilot infrastructure initiative called BorderLink that will help ensure equal access to Internet services throughout the county. This goal is going to be possible in the near future. Infrastructure is being worked on to bring LTE connectivity to all Imperial County students. Come hear about how this rural California county is leveraging ownership of broadcast spectrum licenses to disseminate wireless Internet access to students beyond the classroom.
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While educators and students are able to make the most of high-quality online tools and resources at school, students face new inequities at home. As schools turn to digital learning, teachers increasingly assign homework requiring Internet access at home. The “Homework Gap” refers to the difficulties some socioeconomically disadvantaged students face when working on school assignments without a reliable Internet connection at home. With no Internet connection at home, some of our students lack the tools they need to succeed academically. This disparity in access creates an uneven playing field for students who are unable to do online research, collaborate on group projects, or submit online assignments from home.

California K-12   Equitable access
Learning Theater
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Integrating the Arts into Global R&E Networks: SFJAZZ Case Study

Mount Allen, Nai-Ching (Mercy) Hwong, Tamima Noorzay, Matthew Rocca, Daryl Rysberg

CENIC’s connectivity for public schools, libraries, museums, and science centers across California plus the global peering relationships made possible through this network bring rich, world-class cultural arts and sciences to California communities and beyond. Community-based cultural institutions such as SFJAZZ, the Exploratorium, the California Academy of Sciences, and the Getty Museum are using CalREN for high-definition virtual collaboration. For example, SFJAZZ’s School Day Concerts, Exchanges from the Stage, bring live, interactive jazz (America’s indigenous artistic expression) to communities unlikely to experience a performance of this nature. This session will explore the experiences of four public middle schools in California and Washington that participated in a jazz program celebrating the United Nations' 70th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This distributed, virtual collaboration used pioneering applications such as UltraGrid, JackTrip, and LOLA over CalREN and was supported through partnerships with Cisco and AT&T. A panel from The Preuss School at UC San Diego, one of the four participating public schools and a first adopter of this technology, will share their insights about engaging the cultural arts in real time with diverse student communities.
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The session will explore the future of arts integration and technology, expanding the conversation of STEM to STEAM through the use of project-based learning methodologies showcasing agile principles, and contextualizing a culturally responsive jazz metaphor of particular significance in historically marginalized and academically underperforming urban public school settings.

Research strongly supports the connection between the arts and improved academic engagement and achievement in public schools across the nation, regardless of community socioeconomic status (SES). In recognition of the historically unbalanced educational and cultural resource distribution between lower and higher SES communities in America, new and innovative approaches to addressing the achievement gap are emerging. Global research and education network can provide a tool to those hoping to develop such approaches.

Cultural Organization   Statewide, national, and global collaborations
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG
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Digital Inclusion Coalitions

Chris Durr, Kate Eppler

The digital divide is a real and persistent equity problem that creates barriers to entering the workforce, accessing health care information, and engaging in civic participation. Because libraries are places where the community can both access the internet and receive training, they are at the forefront of the fight for digital literacy. And as trusted community institutions that already fight for information accessibilities, libraries are culturally positioned to be the primary movers on the issue of digital inequality. Yet this is a task that libraries cannot accomplish by themselves. To that end, libraries have begun to form Digital Inclusion Coalitions – groups of government entities, nonprofits, stakeholders, educational institutions, IT providers, and others that are banding together to accomplish common ends.
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The San Francisco Public Library and the Sacramento Public Library have both started digital inclusion initiatives and are both in different stages of development. Learn about the process, the pitfalls and the goals of these coalitions.

Learn what digital equity means for two very different communities (Sacramento and San Francisco) and get a look at the steps taken to collaborate between different groups with different skill sets but a common goal – to make networked technology more democratically accessible, meaningful and available to our communities.

This presentation is most relevant to groups that care about the digital divide, helping hard-to-reach communities with digital skills, and those that are frustrated about the loss of opportunity created by a lack of digital equity.

Corporate   Equitable access
Pacifica A
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How High-Speed Internet Is Enabling a Revolution in Curriculum Development and Instruction By Replacing Textbooks with Teacher-Created Digital Content

Ellen Chevalier, Winnie Litten

High-speed internet is revolutionizing curriculum development and instruction in K-12 education. Come and see before and after examples of content delivery, student collaboration and communication, homework, peer and teacher feedback, and digital assessment in our 1:1, UC-approved, high school science classes. These strategies are easily transferable to other grade levels and disciplines.
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Participants in this session will be introduced to our best strategies for authentically integrating technology into a rigorous, relevant, and relationship-based curriculum. We will share ideas for delivering content (HyperDocs), increasing student collaboration and communication (Group Shared Documents), shifting homework away from worksheets (Google Forms, Quizziz), creating opportunities for valuable peer feedback (rubrics, Google comments), and ideas for digitally assessing student understanding (both formative and summative). We will also demonstrate how technology in the classroom provides on-the-spot differentiation of content and more equitable access to the curriculum for all students. Participants will leave energized and excited by the changes access to high-speed internet brings to the elementary and secondary classroom.

California K-12   Innovative applications
Pacifica A
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Partnerships to Improve Medical Care and Increase Economic Opportunity in Fresno County Through Broadband Access

Linda Thomas, Davena Witcher, Eduardo Gonzales

The lack of broadband access is a chronic and widespread problem in many parts of rural America. This deficit inhibits all aspects of social and economic progress in a region, including distance education, telehealth and telemedicine, and the development and implementation of new technologies. Lack of broadband is a major reason why poor communities stay poor and unhealthy. Nowhere is this problem more glaring and troublesome than on the West Side of Fresno County, where education rates are low, a regional medical center has closed, and the poverty rate is three times the national average. Hear how regional leaders are forming partnerships to solve these problems and address these inequities. Linda Thomas from West Hills Community College, Eduardo Gonzales from Fresno State’s Office of Community and Economic Development, and Davina Witcher from the Alliance for Medical Outreach and Relief will share the multiple initiatives that they are leading to increase opportunities for residents of the West Side and ultimately to bring medical care, economic opportunity, and internet access to this depressed region.
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California Community College   Statewide, national, and global collaborations
Pacifica B
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Smart Campus, Smarter Learning: Improving Campus Parking Congestion

Samuel Sudhakar, Yunfei Hou, Kurt Collins

In this workshop, we present a curricular model for involving undergraduate students in an interdisciplinary, year-long project that uses supercomputing to study and alleviate campus parking congestion. Using cameras, sensor data, and big data analysis on the Pacific Research Platform, students learned how to track campus traffic flow, study the resulting patterns, and develop ways to disseminate just-in-time parking information. Beyond its practical aspect, our project has implications for rethinking the curriculum to accommodate interdisciplinary networked and experiential learning along with advanced computing and IoT tools.
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At CSUSB, we created an organizational infrastructure that allows faculty, students, different student-oriented offices, and Information Technology & Services to collaborate on accomplishing year-long problem-based projects of interest to the campus. These highly interdisciplinary, cutting-edge projects require undergraduate students to self-organize, collaborate, and learn together and from campus faculty and staff mentors to solve complex practical problems. The main goal of this pilot project was to use computer vision technologies to create a smart parking monitoring system on the CSUSB campus.

California University   Innovative applications
La Jolla Ballroom
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Dinner Reception/Networking

Dinner reception for all attendees.

   Meal/Break/Reception
Garden Courtyard

Tuesday, March 19, 2019

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Tuesday Breakfast

   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Foyer

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Morning Announcements

   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG

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Strategies for Addressing the Broadband Digital Divide

Louis Fox, Skyler Ditchfield, Matt Rantanen, Sunne Wright McPeak, Steven Huter

A recent article in the New York Times titled, "Digital Divide Is Wider Than We Think, Study Says" (12/4/18), notes that, "Fast internet service is crucial to the modern economy, and closing the digital divide is seen as a step toward shrinking the persistent gaps in economic opportunity, educational achievement and health outcomes in America.” While the FCC concludes that broadband is not available to 24.7 million Americans, a recent study by Microsoft states that "162.8 million Americans do not use the internet at broadband speed” and that this "discrepancy is particularly stark in rural areas.”
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Many projects that might address this broadband disparity have been unattractive to private sector providers, given the difficulty of generating a return on investment necessary for the capital expenditures for construction of necessary middle-mile infrastructure. And, while there is a tendency to see the digital divide as a rural issue, many urban areas show a similar lack of access to fast home Internet, though often for different reasons — lack of affordable broadband and/or lack of motivation for broadband adoption.

The picture is not entirely gloomy: There are many creative approaches to address issues of access, affordability, and adoption, often pooling sources of funds, integrating two (or more) broadband technologies, and through partnerships that involve public, government, and private sector partners. The panelists, all of whom are engaged in every aspect of broadband from public policy to project deployment, will highlight and discuss successful strategies to address the broadband digital divide and engage conference participants in a discussion about how to scale locally instantiated projects to reach across all of California (and beyond).

Cross-Segment   Equitable access
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG
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Beyond Connectivity: Reimagining Public Libraries as Platforms for Learning and Innovation

Amy Garmer, Joaquin Alvarado, John Horrigan, Sara Jones

California public libraries can be important platforms for innovation and entrepreneurial activity in their communities and they are well positioned to expand and democratize learning opportunities at critical junctures along the lifelong learning pipeline. As the new kids on the CENIC block, public libraries are exploring ways to leverage the insights, experimentation, and innovations of other institutions on the network and to harness their CENIC connectivity in new ways. In December 2018, the Aspen Institute Dialogue on Public Libraries convened a roundtable to accelerate the development and uptake of innovative applications for gigabit connectivity in California public libraries with a focus on priorities in education, workforce development, equity, and civic participation.
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Research for a conference white paper on California public libraries’ use of CalREN identified an impediment to public libraries developing more programmatic uses of the network, a “broadband-imagination gap that is explained this way: the library field is eager to embrace the future, but how to do so is not always easy to discern.

This session will present the findings detailed in the white paper and highlight the insights and recommendations of the conference, “Beyond Connectivity: Gigabit Network Use in California Public Libraries.” Attendees will learn about recent innovations in public library use of CENIC bandwidth, factors beyond better bandwidth that allow libraries and communities to take advantage of CENIC’s gigabit connectivity, challenges of adopting innovations in broadband use and recommendations for pushing past obstacles.

Following this presentation, a moderated panel of experts and practitioners will discuss new policies, partnerships, and mechanisms for closing the “broadband-imagination gap” in the use of CENIC by public libraries across the state. In a Q&A format with the audience, panelists will address how the activities and partnerships sparked by the Beyond Connectivity conference are evolving to redefine the unique role that public libraries can play as partners in the CENIC network, and how audience members from the broader CENIC community can get involved in creating a set of common blueprints to accelerate progress.

California Library   Equitable access
La Jolla Ballrooms CDEFG
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Tuesday AM Break

   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Foyer

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Innovation Awards

Louis Fox

CENIC 2019 INNOVATION AWARDS

Cross-Segment   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG

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Tuesday Lunch

Awards Lunch Reception

   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Foyer and Patio

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Mitigating Security Threats Using Origin Validation

Michael Sinatra

When we type a domain name into a web browser, we go out to a domain name service that connects us to the domain. It is at this juncture that security issues can arise and we can be redirected, using malware, to a site that is a threat.
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The goals of the talk are:
o To describe DNSSEC and Resource Public Key Infrastructure route original validation (RPKI-ROV) and show they are stable and mature technologies.

o To lay out the significant benefits of *combining* DNSSEC and DANE with traditional PKI CA validation.

o To examine accidental and intentional route hijacks, describing the benefits of RPKI ROV in preventing accidental hijacks and the benefits of RPKI ROV + "peer pinning" in preventing some intentional hijacks

o To explain frauds that rely on the *absence* of both RPKI ROV and DNSSEC (e.g. Route 53 hijack)

The talk will conclude with a discussion on the need for critical mass adoption of these technologies and why that would be good for the Internet.

National   Cybersecurity
Pacifica A
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The Kids Are Online: Unexpected Benefits of Broadband Access for Under-Served Youth

Camille Crittenden

Rhetoric regarding adolescents and online behavior is frequently dire: fears of bullying, sexting, and intensive gaming keep parents up at night or threatening to withhold devices or WiFi access. But the news is not all bad. Teens, especially those in remote areas with less reliable or slower Internet, benefit in sometimes unexpected ways from access to online information and real-time interactions. This talk will discuss recent studies in health, education, and economic opportunity, and will outline some of the less-recognized positive effects of online access for youth in under-served communities.
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Government   Equitable access
Pacifica B
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Collaborative Connections: Expanding Access to Library Programming with Video Conferencing

Suzy Daveluy, Beverly Sutherland

As libraries strive to become technological learning hubs in their communities, many, especially rural libraries, struggle to meet these expectations due to limited funding and resources. The 49-99 Library Cooperative System, mostly comprised of rural libraries, has implemented a series of live-streamed events that is expanding access to training and programs that did not previously exist. Through the Collaborative Connections Project, an grant-funded initiative under the Library Services and Technology Act, these libraries have leveraged the increased internet bandwidth enabled through their connection to CENIC along with newly installed video conferencing systems to deliver programming such as English as a Second Language (ESL) workshops to adults and children. This session will take an in-depth look at the Collaborative Connections programming and the possibilities that have been enabled through this project. We will also cover the technology that supports it, including the video conferencing system and the upgraded network infrastructure.
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California Library   Statewide, national, and global collaborations
Learning Theater
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Modern Cyberinfrastructure: The Ladder to the Shoulders of Giants

Eli Dart

Our community has made incredible progress on delivering network performance to scientists in the past decade or so. We now have an impressive toolset, consisting of networks, Science DMZs, data transfer nodes, and data platforms. However, for many scientists, this toolset is still a box of legos rather than an integrated capability. This talk will describe a vision for the future of data-intensive science, and describe a path to that future.
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There are a few final steps we must complete to fully realize the scientific potential of the impressive cyberinfrastructure we have built. We must ensure that the individual components easily interoperate and are usable by scientists without expert help, and we must free the scientific data from the access challenges imposed by outdated platforms.

National   Pacific Research Platform
Pacifica A
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California Public Libraries Provide Tools for Adults to Graduate from High School

Glenda Williams, Gina Robinson, Misty Jones, Susan Broman

Through a California State Library funded initiative, public libraries can offer Career Online High School (COHS), which is a free, online program that provides adults with a practical means of attaining an accredited high school diploma (not a GED) and a concurrent career certificate in one of eight high-demand industries. However, our patrons face the challenge of having access to tools necessary for COHS participation: access to a computer and reliable high-speed Internet. By offering this critical access — a chance to earn a high school diploma, state of the art computers, and internet access — public libraries are changing lives.
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According to the 2010 census, approximately 15% of California residents have not completed a high school diploma. This puts them at a severe disadvantage in the job market, and their earnings are lower overall. Those without a high school degree are more likely to be living at or below the poverty line which contributes to the socioeconomic divide. As public libraries evolve, we find ourselves becoming more than institutions for housing books; we are also places of lifelong learning and a social services safety net offering resources designed to close that divide.

Join the Long Beach, San Diego, and Los Angeles Public Libraries in a discussion about the COHS process, lessons learned, and the transformative power of this service for adults. You will also hear firsthand from participants about what this program means to them and how having a diploma has reshaped their opportunities for success.

California Library   Innovative applications
La Jolla Ballroom
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Science DMZ Security Architecture

Michael Sinatra

The talk will provide an update on the development of the Science DMZ and will focus on strategies for integrating the Science DMZ into a modern data portal. The Science DMZ is a portion of the network, built at or near the campus or laboratory's local network perimeter, that is designed such that the equipment, configuration, and security policies are optimized for high-performance scientific applications rather than for general-purpose business systems or “enterprise” computing.
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Developed by ESnet engineers, the Science DMZ model addresses common network performance problems encountered at research institutions by creating an environment that is tailored to the needs of high-performance science applications, including high-volume bulk data transfer, remote experiment control, and data visualization. The Science DMZ is a key part of a larger, risk-based campus security architecture and can enable high-speed intrusion detection.

International   Pacific Research Platform
Pacifica A
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The Triple Threat: How Sacramento Public Library Leverages CalREN Connectivity

Jarrid Keller, Chris Durr, Alan Worthy

The Sacramento Public Library (SPL) is leveraging its connectivity to CalREN in strategic ways to deliver high-speed connectivity to its 28 locations, improve administrative capabilities, and offer dynamic broadband-driven services to its patrons. In this session, participants will learn about the challenges and opportunities SPL faced to deploy high-speed connectivity to all locations, and how it is leveraging connectivity to virtualize services, rethink phone service, and offer new out-of-the box programming solutions for its patrons.
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California Library   Equitable access
Pacifica B
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Broadband Improvement Drives Transformative Pedagogy

Jason Borgen, Antonio Romayor Jr.

Come to this session to learn how two small, rural school districts in San Mateo County and Imperial County were able to enable and inspire teachers to move from 20th-century to 21st-century practices — from paperless classrooms and video production to video streaming, conferencing, and virtual reality. This was all made possible by the Broadband Infrastructure Improvement Grant (BIIG) program, led by K12HSN and CENIC. This session will provide an overview of how broadband improvements aided teachers in changing their practices to engage students in real-world learning beyond classroom walls. Learn about the technology and tools K-12 teachers are able to use today thanks to high-speed broadband.
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International   Innovative applications
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG
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Shuttle to Atkinson Hall UCSD

Shuttle to Atkinson Hall for Demos and Reception

Cross-Segment   Meal/Break/Reception
Estancia Front Circle Drive

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Atkinson Hall Demos & Reception

Special demonstrations to be announced, beer and wine reception.

Cross-Segment   Meal/Break/Reception
Atkinson Hall, UCSD Campus

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

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Wednesday Breakfast

Continental Breakfast

Cross-Segment   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Foyer

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Wednesday Announcements

Jeffrey Weekley

   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG

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Node Slicing AKA “Router Virtualization”

JJ Jamison

Node Slicing enables network operators to create multiple partitions on a single router. Each partition behaves as an independent router, with its own dedicated control plane, data plane, and management plane, allowing the implementation of multiple services on a single physical router. Node Slicing provides a new way to converge networks, scale infrastructure, deploy services, and manage risk. This presentation will include an overview of node slicing and a discussion of how it works and how it might be leveraged in R&E networks. A node slicing pilot and evaluation recently completed by Internet2 and several major regional R&E networks will also be discussed.
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Corporate   Future network and wireless technologies
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG
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Implementing Internet2's Next-Generation Infrastructure

Chris Wilkinson

Internet2 is engaged in a process of designing and implementing its Next-Generation Infrastructure (NGI). The NGI initiative is structured to be more comprehensive than a simple network refresh — it includes community discussion of our service structures, collaborative testbed development, and technology exploration; and it culminates in a comprehensive refresh of Internet2 services and optical, route-switch, and software infrastructure. This presentation will cover the process and methods used to engage with our community to better realize the goals and requirements, as expressed by our membership, for NGI. Also, it will highlight the architectural principles governing the decisions on how NGI will be designed to ensure flexibility and resilience in the resultant network.
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Since late 2017 through 2018, Internet2 has been engaged in a dialog with our membership and other interested groups about the design and role of NGI. Key to our approach is evolving the services provided by Internet2 to ensure sufficient flexibility to meet emerging demands within the community. We are applying sound value engineering principles to keep step with historic bandwidth growth curves and ensure the network is properly scaled while keeping operations and maintenance costs under control. Principles driving this activity include that it be a data-driven approach based on actual metrics gathered on the current network and that it be sized according to need and not one size fits all with the understanding that all services are still available at all locations.

National   Future network and wireless technologies
Pacifica A
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Improving Community Resiliency Through Mesh Wireless

Josh Callahan

Humboldt State University received a mini-grant from the California State University system to produce two mesh wireless reference designs. A mesh network is a distributed network and is more reliable and resilient. The first mesh network design is a set of three wireless outdoor access points that run on solar power supplies and battery banks and acts as our mesh core. The second mesh network design is for a low-cost neighborhood/residential repeater that can be built with consumer parts and used to extend the regional mesh. In a regional disaster that disrupts communication infrastructure, having this type of resilient infrastructure in place could greatly improve recovery and continuity.

National   Equitable access
Learning Theater

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Open-Source Network Automation Solutions at UC Santa Cruz

Nikolaus Hildebrand

Network automation is gaining momentum as a tool for optimizing deployments and changes to network infrastructure in the telecommunications industry. Many commercial solutions available provide this function, but it's relatively easy to home-grow your own custom solutions based on FLOSS software. This presentation and demo will provide an overview of how Python, Paramiko, and Netmiko code libraries can be used to do exactly this.
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A short explanation of the appeal of network automation will be given, followed by an overview of Python and these two libraries. The demo will cover two production scripts: (1) a Python script that UCSC uses to provision (en masse) Brocade/Ruckus access switch ports for use with SIP phone terminals and (2) a Python script that was used at UCSC to change important device credentials and settings on our Cisco infrastructure. This script was also tweaked for use on older Cisco and HP devices as well, which used slightly differing CLIs. References to specific code snippets can be worked in if appropriate and time allows.

Cross-Segment   Future network and wireless technologies
Learning Theater
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Smart and Connected Communities Funded by the National Science Foundation

Henry Kautz

The Smart and Connected Communities program in the Information and Intelligent Systems Division of the National Science Foundation strives to link research projects in universities to community organizations in order to bring about new levels of educational and economic opportunity; safety and security; and health and wellness. Partners have included K12 schools, public safety organizations, healthcare institutions, and libraries. Research is powering profound changes in commerce, healthcare, defense, entertainment, and education and this program strives to engage whole communities in reaping the benefits.
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The Information and Intelligent Systems (IIS) Division of the National Science Foundation studies the inter-related roles of people, computers, and information. IIS supports research and education activities that:

1) develops new knowledge about the role of people in the design and use of information technology;

2) increases our capability to create, manage, and understand data and information in circumstances ranging from personal computers to globally-distributed systems; and

3) advances our understanding of how computational systems can exhibit the hallmarks of intelligence.

Government   Statewide, national, and global collaborations
La Jolla Ballroom
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Beyond 100G: Leveraging Multiple High-Bandwidth Links

Mark Foster

Many sites have moved to or are moving toward 100 Gbps external (WAN) connections. This session will provide an overview of current and possible approaches to improving performance over multiple connections and present results from preliminary testing done in collaboration with SLAC, ESnet, and NERSC.
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Often, external connections are implemented via primary and secondary links, with the primary link carrying all the traffic and the secondary link functioning in a standby mode to take over if the primary link fails. As computing clusters get larger and more powerful, and as data transfer requirements among clusters increase, available WAN bandwidth can become a performance bottleneck. If half the WAN bandwidth is underutilized, there is an opportunity to reduce this bottleneck.

There are multiple ways to combine multiple WAN links to increase aggregate throughput capabilities. The methods most often used do not necessarily focus on or fully provide for the conditions imposed by very large flows on 100 Gbps connections. In the next few years, SLAC is facing data transfer requirements for 1 Tbps and above to other sites for support of the LCLS-II program.

California University   Future network and wireless technologies
Learning Theatre
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Promoting the Pacific Research Platform at CSUSB: Opportunities and Challenges

James Macdonell, Laura Woodney

This presentation will provide an overview of the process of promoting the Pacific Research Platform (PRP) resources to faculty and students. It will highlight the opportunities and challenges, both technical and contractual, encountered during the deployment of the PRP resources by providing a case example of astronomy research that involves data distribution, storage, and collaborators at California State University San Bernardino (CSUSB), University of Central Florida (UCF), and University of Arizona (UofA).
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As a participant in PRP, CSUSB hosts a purpose-built science data transfer network known as a Science DMZ. It supports and promotes data-driven science research though fast and simple transfers of multi-terabyte datasets over continental or global distances. Modeled after US Department of Energy recommendations, our Science DMZ consists of a dedicated and isolated network that aims to sustain maximum throughput among collaborating institutions and a data transfer node modeled after PRP's FIONA (Flash I/O Network Appliance) specifications. The DTN is carefully optimized for storing and forwarding large amounts of data (10s to 100s of terabytes) on 10-40-100 Gbps networks.

As an early adopter, Dr. Woodney is modifying her workflow from Dropbox and external hard drives to instead using Globus and a Data Transfer Node to improve availability and time-to-transfer for large amounts of raw observatory imagery and its derived calibrations, enhancements, tables, plots, and other data.

California University   Pacific Research Platform
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG
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Working to Put New Zealand Science on the Map

Wallace Chase

This session will provide an overview of the Research and Education Advanced Network New Zealand (REANNZ). Topics will include how REANNZ approaches science engagement and strategies used to overcome distance, both real and perceived. Presenters will also provide an update on the new Hawaiki undersea cable system that allows REANNZ direct connections into Pacific Wave and the FAUCET SDN project.
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International   Statewide, national, and global collaborations
Learning Theater
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The Trusted CI Framework: Cybersecurity for Trustworthy Science

Von Welch

Trustworthy, reproducible science relies on trustworthy cyberinfrastructure. Cybersecurity has a key role to play in securing cyberinfrastructure and research computing; however, traditional cybersecurity programs are often seen as putting up barriers to scientific productivity. This critique is justified given attributes of scientific computing — collaboration, data sizes, high-performance, etc. — that are very different than enterprise IT, and therefore challenge traditional cybersecurity practices.
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Trusted CI, the NSF Cybersecurity Center of Excellence, is addressing this concern by leading the community in developing a Framework for Open Science Cybersecurity. The Framework complements existing standards such as NIST 800-171, but is tailored for open science, addressing the importance of reproducibility, data integrity, and other factors critical and particular to that community. This talk will describe the challenges of trustworthy open science that motivates this work, Trusted CI's Framework, and how the community can engage with this effort.

National   Cybersecurity
Pacifica B
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The National Research Platform: An Update on Progress Toward Scaling PRP

Tom DeFanti, Louis Fox, Ann Kovalchick, Camille Crittenden

Established in 2015, the Pacific Research Platform (PRP) is a partnership of more than 50 institutions. It is led by researchers at UC San Diego and UC Berkeley and includes the National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, and multiple research universities in the United States and around the world. Building on the accomplishments of engineers and scientists to solve networking problems for research throughout the Pacific region, leaders of multiple organizations and PRP recently have been engaging collaborators to scale the framework nationally and internationally. This panel will describe these efforts and provide an update on presentations and discussions from the Second National Research Platform Workshop, held in Bozeman, Montana, in August 2018.
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PRP builds on the optical backbone of Pacific Wave, a joint project of CENIC and the Pacific Northwest GigaPOP, to create a seamless research platform that encourages collaboration on a broad range of data-intensive fields and projects. Particle physics, astronomy, biomedical sciences, earth sciences, and scalable data visualization are just a few of the fields to benefit from PRP.

International   Pacific Research Platform
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG
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Conference Close

   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Ballroom CDEFG

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Wednesday Lunch

Buffet Lunch

   Meal/Break/Reception
La Jolla Foyer

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TAC Meeting

Cross-Segment   Statewide, national, and global collaborations
Pacifica A